Report

DNGR-1 in dendritic cells limits tissue damage by dampening neutrophil recruitment

See allHide authors and affiliations

Science  19 Oct 2018:
Vol. 362, Issue 6412, pp. 351-356
DOI: 10.1126/science.aan8423

You are currently viewing the abstract.

View Full Text

Log in to view the full text

Log in through your institution

Log in through your institution

The absence of DNGR-1 is dangerous

Conventional type 1 dendritic cells (cDC1s) can sense tissue damage via DNGR-1, which binds F-actin exposed by necrotic cells. DNGR-1 activation favors cross-presentation, the process by which extracellular antigens are processed and presented to CD8+ T cells via major histocompatibility complex class I molecules. Del Fresno et al. studied mice lacking DNGR-1 and found that DNGR-1 also has anti-inflammatory effects (see the Perspective by Salazar and Brown). It inhibits the secretion of the chemokine CXCL2 by cDC1s, which, in turn, limits neutrophil recruitment. Thus, DNGR-1 connects cell-death sensing with a mechanism of damage control.

Science, this issue p. 351; see also p. 292

Abstract

Host injury triggers feedback mechanisms that limit tissue damage. Conventional type 1 dendritic cells (cDC1s) express dendritic cell natural killer lectin group receptor-1 (DNGR-1), encoded by the gene Clec9a, which senses tissue damage and favors cross-presentation of dead-cell material to CD8+ T cells. Here we find that DNGR-1 additionally reduces host-damaging inflammatory responses induced by sterile and infectious tissue injury in mice. DNGR-1 deficiency leads to exacerbated caerulein-induced necrotizing pancreatitis and increased pathology during systemic Candida albicans infection without affecting fungal burden. This effect is B and T cell–independent and attributable to increased neutrophilia in DNGR-1–deficient settings. Mechanistically, DNGR-1 engagement activates SHP-1 and inhibits MIP-2 (encoded by Cxcl2) production by cDC1s during Candida infection. This consequently restrains neutrophil recruitment and promotes disease tolerance. Thus, DNGR-1–mediated sensing of injury by cDC1s serves as a rheostat for the control of tissue damage, innate immunity, and immunopathology.

View Full Text