Research Article

Relationship of gender differences in preferences to economic development and gender equality

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Science  19 Oct 2018:
Vol. 362, Issue 6412, eaas9899
DOI: 10.1126/science.aas9899

Assessing gender differences

What contributes to gender-associated differences in preferences such as the willingness to take risks, patience, altruism, positive and negative reciprocity, and trust? Falk and Hermle studied 80,000 individuals in 76 countries who participated in a Global Preference Survey and compared the data with country-level variables such as gross domestic product and indices of gender inequality. They observed that the more that women have equal opportunities, the more they differ from men in their preferences.

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