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Science  09 Nov 2018:
Vol. 362, Issue 6415, pp. 622-624
DOI: 10.1126/science.362.6415.622

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In science news around the world, two major research funders—the Wellcome Trust and the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation—announce they will change their policies to generally match Plan S, the open-access initiative unveiled in September by 11 European funders to require grantees to publish in journals that make all their content freely available. The U.S. National Science Foundation moves toward asking questions about sexual orientation and gender identity in its national workforce surveys as early as 2021. A half-million children in four West African countries risk contracting a deadly diarrheal disease because a rotavirus vaccine used to prevent it is in short supply. More than 1600 scientists decry as scientifically unfounded a plan under consideration by President Donald Trump's administration to legally define gender as male or female based on genitalia at birth or genetic tests later. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service must do a better job of protecting the endangered red wolf (Canis rufus), a federal judge rules. The Bank of England requests nominations of a prominent scientist, mathematician, engineer, or technologist to feature on a new £50 note.