Contingency and determinism in evolution: Replaying life’s tape

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Science  09 Nov 2018:
Vol. 362, Issue 6415, eaam5979
DOI: 10.1126/science.aam5979

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vol. 362 no. 6415

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    Author Information

    1. Zachary D. Blount1,2,*,
    2. Richard E. Lenski1,
    3. Jonathan B. Losos3
    1. 1Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics and BEACON Center for the Study of Evolution in Action, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA.
    2. 2Department of Biology, Kenyon College, Gambier, OH 43022, USA.
    3. 3Department of Biology, Washington University, St. Louis, MO 63130, USA.
    1. *Corresponding author. Email: blountza{at}


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    Article usage: November 2018 to April 2019

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    Dec 2018739466314
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    Feb 2019484279139
    Mar 20191105496277
    Apr 2019378226125