Research Article

The oceanic sink for anthropogenic CO2 from 1994 to 2007

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Science  15 Mar 2019:
Vol. 363, Issue 6432, pp. 1193-1199
DOI: 10.1126/science.aau5153

Article Information

vol. 363 no. 6432 1193-1199

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  • Received for publication July 3, 2018
  • Accepted for publication February 19, 2019
  • .

Author Information

  1. Nicolas Gruber1,*,
  2. Dominic Clement1,
  3. Brendan R. Carter2,3,
  4. Richard A. Feely2,
  5. Steven van Heuven4,
  6. Mario Hoppema5,
  7. Masao Ishii6,
  8. Robert M. Key7,
  9. Alex Kozyr8,
  10. Siv K. Lauvset9,10,
  11. Claire Lo Monaco11,
  12. Jeremy T. Mathis12,
  13. Akihiko Murata13,
  14. Are Olsen10,
  15. Fiz F. Perez14,
  16. Christopher L. Sabine15,
  17. Toste Tanhua16,
  18. Rik Wanninkhof17
  1. 1Environmental Physics, Institute of Biogeochemistry and Pollutant Dynamics, ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.
  2. 2National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory, Seattle, WA, USA.
  3. 3Joint Institute for the Study of the Atmosphere and Ocean, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA.
  4. 4Centre for Isotope Research, Faculty of Science and Engineering, University of Groningen, Groningen, Netherlands.
  5. 5Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research, Bremerhaven, Germany.
  6. 6Meteorological Research Institute, Japan Meteorological Agency, Tsukuba, Japan.
  7. 7Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ, USA.
  8. 8NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information, Silver Spring, MD, USA.
  9. 9NORCE Norwegian Research Centre, Bjerknes Centre for Climate Research, Bergen, Norway.
  10. 10Geophysical Institute, University of Bergen and Bjerknes Centre for Climate Research, Bergen, Norway.
  11. 11LOCEAN, CNRS, Sorbonne Université, Paris, France.
  12. 12National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Arctic Research Program, Silver Spring, MD, USA.
  13. 13Research and Development Center for Global Change, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, Yokosuka, Japan.
  14. 14Instituto de Investigaciones Marinas, CSIC (IIM-CSIC), Vigo, Spain.
  15. 15Department of Oceanography, University of Hawai`i at Manoa, Honolulu, HI, USA.
  16. 16GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel, Kiel, Germany.
  17. 17National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory, Miami, FL, USA.
  1. *Corresponding author. Email: nicolas.gruber{at}


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