Review

Rewilding complex ecosystems

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Science  26 Apr 2019:
Vol. 364, Issue 6438, eaav5570
DOI: 10.1126/science.aav5570

Facilitating “wildness”

Humans have encroached upon a majority of Earth's lands. The current extinction crisis is a testament to human impacts on wilderness. If there is any hope of retaining a biodiverse planetary system, we must begin to learn how to coexist with, and leave space for, other species. The practice of “rewilding” has emerged as a method for returning wild lands, and wildness, to landscapes we have altered. Perino et al. review this concept and present a framework for implementing it broadly and in a way that considers ongoing human interaction.

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