Research Article

Generation of extreme-ultraviolet beams with time-varying orbital angular momentum

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Science  28 Jun 2019:
Vol. 364, Issue 6447, eaaw9486
DOI: 10.1126/science.aaw9486

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Pulses with a twist and torque

Structured light beams can serve as vortex beams carrying optical angular momentum and have been used to enhance optical communications and imaging. Rego et al. generated dynamic vortex pulses by interfering two incident time-delayed vortex beams with different orbital angular momenta through the process of high harmonic generation. A controlled time delay between the pulses allowed the high harmonic extreme-ultraviolet vortex beam to exhibit a time-dependent angular momentum, called self-torque. Such dynamic vortex pulses could potentially be used to manipulate nanostructures and atoms on ultrafast time scales.

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