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Thermal unequilibrium of strained black CsPbI3 thin films

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Science  16 Aug 2019:
Vol. 365, Issue 6454, pp. 679-684
DOI: 10.1126/science.aax3878

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Strain-stabilized perovskites

The perovskite materials used for solar cells and light-emitting diodes (which are black in color) are generally less stable at room temperature than the electronically inactive nonperovskite phases (which are yellow in color). Steele et al. show that for CsPbI3, strain induced in a thin film after annealing the material to 330°C and then rapidly cooling it to room temperature kinetically trapped the black phase. Grazing-incidence wide-angle x-ray scattering revealed the crystal distortions and texture formation created by interfacial strain.

Science, this issue p. 679

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