Research Article

Archaeological assessment reveals Earth’s early transformation through land use

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Science  30 Aug 2019:
Vol. 365, Issue 6456, pp. 897-902
DOI: 10.1126/science.aax1192

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A synthetic history of human land use

Humans began to leave lasting impacts on Earth's surface starting 10,000 to 8000 years ago. Through a synthetic collaboration with archaeologists around the globe, Stephens et al. compiled a comprehensive picture of the trajectory of human land use worldwide during the Holocene (see the Perspective by Roberts). Hunter-gatherers, farmers, and pastoralists transformed the face of Earth earlier and to a greater extent than has been widely appreciated, a transformation that was essentially global by 3000 years before the present.

Science, this issue p. 897; see also p. 865

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