Spatial control of heavy-fermion superconductivity in CeIrIn5

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Science  11 Oct 2019:
Vol. 366, Issue 6462, pp. 221-226
DOI: 10.1126/science.aao6640

Modulating superconductivity

Strain can have considerable effects on the electronic properties of materials. For instance, the temperature at which a material becomes superconducting—the critical temperature—can be tuned by varying strain. Bachmann et al. used focused ion beam milling to fabricate microstructures of the superconductor CeIrIn5 on sapphire substrate. A difference in the thermal contraction coefficients of the two layers induced nonuniform strain upon cooling of the sample, leading to large gradients of the critical temperature. This approach can be used in other materials and may enable fabrication of superconducting circuitry without physical junctions.

Science, this issue p. 221

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