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Grand challenges in the science of wind energy

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Science  25 Oct 2019:
Vol. 366, Issue 6464, eaau2027
DOI: 10.1126/science.aau2027

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vol. 366 no. 6464

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  1. Paul Veers1,*,
  2. Katherine Dykes2,*,
  3. Eric Lantz1,*,
  4. Stephan Barth3,
  5. Carlo L. Bottasso4,
  6. Ola Carlson5,
  7. Andrew Clifton6,
  8. Johney Green1,
  9. Peter Green1,
  10. Hannele Holttinen7,
  11. Daniel Laird1,
  12. Ville Lehtomäki8,
  13. Julie K. Lundquist1,9,
  14. James Manwell10,
  15. Melinda Marquis11,
  16. Charles Meneveau12,
  17. Patrick Moriarty1,
  18. Xabier Munduate13,
  19. Michael Muskulus14,
  20. Jonathan Naughton15,
  21. Lucy Pao16,
  22. Joshua Paquette17,
  23. Joachim Peinke3,18,
  24. Amy Robertson1,
  25. Javier Sanz Rodrigo13,
  26. Anna Maria Sempreviva2,
  27. J. Charles Smith19,
  28. Aidan Tuohy20,
  29. Ryan Wiser21
  1. 1National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO, USA.
  2. 2Department of Wind Energy, Technical University of Denmark, Kongens Lyngby, Denmark.
  3. 3ForWind - Center for Wind Energy Research, Oldenburg, Germany.
  4. 4Wind Energy Institute, Technical University of Munich, Garching, Germany.
  5. 5Department of Electrical Engineering, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
  6. 6WindForS - Wind Energy Research Cluster, Stuttgart, Germany.
  7. 7Recognis Oy, Espoo, Finland.
  8. 8Kjeller Vindteknikk Oy, Espoo, Finland.
  9. 9Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, University of Colorado, Boulder, Boulder, CO, USA.
  10. 10Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, University of Massachusetts Amherst, Amherst, MA, USA.
  11. 11NOAA Global Systems Division, Boulder, CO, USA.
  12. 12Department of Mechanical Engineering, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA.
  13. 13National Renewable Energy Center of Spain, Navarre, Spain.
  14. 14Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway.
  15. 15Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Wyoming, Laramie, WY, USA.
  16. 16Department of Electrical, Computer and Energy Engineering, University of Colorado, Boulder, Boulder, CO, USA.
  17. 17Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM, USA.
  18. 18Institute of Physics, University of Oldenburg, Oldenburg, Germany.
  19. 19Energy Systems Integration Group, Reston, VA, USA.
  20. 20Electric Power Research Institute, Palo Alto, CA, USA.
  21. 21Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, USA.
  1. *Corresponding author. Email: paul.veers{at}nrel.gov (P.V.); kady{at}dtu.dk (K.D.); eric.lantz{at}nrel.gov (E.L.)

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