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Extinction filters mediate the global effects of habitat fragmentation on animals

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Science  06 Dec 2019:
Vol. 366, Issue 6470, pp. 1236-1239
DOI: 10.1126/science.aax9387

Article Information

vol. 366 no. 6470 1236-1239

PubMed: 
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History: 
  • Received for publication May 6, 2019
  • Accepted for publication October 23, 2019
  • .

Author Information

  1. Matthew G. Betts1,*,,
  2. Christopher Wolf1,*,,
  3. Marion Pfeifer2,
  4. Cristina Banks-Leite3,
  5. Víctor Arroyo-Rodríguez4,
  6. Danilo Bandini Ribeiro5,
  7. Jos Barlow6,7,
  8. Felix Eigenbrod8,
  9. Deborah Faria9,
  10. Robert J. Fletcher Jr.10,
  11. Adam S. Hadley1,
  12. Joseph E. Hawes11,
  13. Robert D. Holt12,
  14. Brian Klingbeil13,
  15. Urs Kormann1,14,15,
  16. Luc Lens16,
  17. Taal Levi1,
  18. Guido F. Medina-Rangel17,
  19. Stephanie L. Melles18,
  20. Dirk Mezger19,
  21. José Carlos Morante-Filho9,20,
  22. C. David L. Orme3,
  23. Carlos A. Peres21,
  24. Benjamin T. Phalan22,
  25. Anna Pidgeon23,
  26. Hugh Possingham24,25,
  27. William J. Ripple1,
  28. Eleanor M. Slade26,
  29. Eduardo Somarriba27,
  30. Joseph A. Tobias3,
  31. Jason M. Tylianakis28,
  32. J. Nicolás Urbina-Cardona29,
  33. Jonathon J. Valente1,30,
  34. James I. Watling31,
  35. Konstans Wells32,
  36. Oliver R. Wearn33,
  37. Eric Wood34,
  38. Richard Young35,
  39. Robert M. Ewers3
  1. 1Forest Biodiversity Research Network, Department of Forest Ecosystems and Society, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331, USA.
  2. 2School of Natural and Environmental Sciences, Newcastle University, Newcastle Upon Tyne NE1 7RU, UK.
  3. 3Imperial College London, Silwood Park Campus, Buckhurst Road, Ascot SL5 7PY, UK.
  4. 4Instituto de Investigaciones en Ecosistemas y Sustentabilidad, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM), Campus Morelia, Antigua Carretera Patzcuaro no. 8701, Ex-Hacienda de San José de la Huerta, 58190 Morelia, Michoacán, Mexico.
  5. 5Instituo de Biociências, Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul, Caixa Postal 549, 79070-900 Campo Grande, Brazil.
  6. 6Lancaster Environment Centre, Lancaster University, Lancaster LA1 4YQ, UK.
  7. 7Setor Ecologia, Departamento de Biologia, Universidade Federal de Lavras, 37200-000, Lavras, MG, Brazil.
  8. 8Geography and Environmental Sciences, University of Southampton, Southampton SO17 1BJ, UK.
  9. 9Applied Conservation Ecology Lab, Programa de Pós-graduação em Ecologia e Conservação, da Biodiversidade, Universidade Estadual de Santa Cruz, Rodovia Ilhéus-Itabuna, km 16, Salobrinho, 45662-000 Ilhéus, Bahia, Brazil.
  10. 10Department of Wildlife Ecology and Conservation, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA.
  11. 11Applied Ecology Research Group, School of Life Sciences, Anglia Ruskin University, Cambridge CB1 1PT, UK.
  12. 12Department of Biology, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA.
  13. 13School of Forestry and Wildlife Sciences, Auburn University, Auburn, AL 36849, USA.
  14. 14Swiss Ornithological Institute, Sempach, Switzerland.
  15. 15Division of Forest Sciences, School of Agricultural, Forest and Food Sciences HAFL, Bern University of Applied Sciences, Zollikofen, Switzerland.
  16. 16Ghent University, Department of Biology, K.L. Ledeganckstraat 35, B-9000 Gent, Belgium.
  17. 17Groupo de Biodiversidad y Conservación, Reptiles, Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Ciudad Universitaria, Edificio 425, Bogotá, Distrito Capital, Colombia.
  18. 18Department of Chemistry and Biology, Ryerson University, 350 Victoria Street, Toronto, ON M5B 2K3, Canada.
  19. 19Department of Science and Education, Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago, IL 60605, USA.
  20. 20Departamento de Ciências Biológicas, Universidade Estadual de Feira de Santana, Avenida Transnordestina, s/n - Novo Horizonte, 44036-900 Feira de Santana, Bahia, Brazil.
  21. 21Centre for Ecology, Evolution and Conservation, School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich NR4 7TJ, UK.
  22. 22Instituto de Biologia, Universidade Federal da Bahia, Salvador, 40170-115 Bahia, Brazil.
  23. 23Department of Forest and Wildlife Ecology, University of Wisconsin–Madison, 1630 Linden Drive, Madison, WI 53706, USA.
  24. 24School of Biological Sciences, University of Queensland, St Lucia, Queensland, Australia.
  25. 25The Nature Conservancy, Arlington, VA 22203, USA.
  26. 26Asian School of the Environment, Nanyang Technological University, 62 Nanyang Dr., 637459 Singapore.
  27. 27Centro Agronómico Tropical de Investigación y Enseñanza, Turrialba, Costa Rica.
  28. 28School of Biological Sciences, University of Canterbury, Private bag 4800, Christchurch 8140, New Zealand.
  29. 29Department of Ecology and Territory, School of Rural and Environmental Studies, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, Bogota, Colombia.
  30. 30Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute, Migratory Bird Center, National Zoological Park, Washington, DC 20013, USA.
  31. 31Department of Biology, John Carroll University, University Heights, OH 44118, USA.
  32. 32Department of Biosciences, Swansea University, Swansea SA2 8PP, Wales, UK.
  33. 33Institute of Zoology, Zoological Society of London, Regent’s Park, London NW1 4RY, UK.
  34. 34Department of Biological Sciences, California State University Los Angeles, 5151 State University Drive, Los Angeles, CA 90032, USA.
  35. 35Durrell Wildlife Conservation Trust, Les Augres Manor, Trinity, Jersey JE3 5BP, UK.
  1. *Corresponding author. Email: matt.betts{at}oregonstate.edu (M.G.B); wolfch{at}oregonstate.edu (C.W)
  1. These authors contributed equally to this work.

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