Review

Pervasive human-driven decline of life on Earth points to the need for transformative change

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Science  13 Dec 2019:
Vol. 366, Issue 6471, eaax3100
DOI: 10.1126/science.aax3100

The time is now

For decades, scientists have been raising calls for societal changes that will reduce our impacts on nature. Though much conservation has occurred, our natural environment continues to decline under the weight of our consumption. Humanity depends directly on the output of nature; thus, this decline will affect us, just as it does the other species with which we share this world. Díaz et al. review the findings of the largest assessment of the state of nature conducted as of yet. They report that the state of nature, and the state of the equitable distribution of nature's support, is in serious decline. Only immediate transformation of global business-as-usual economies and operations will sustain nature as we know it, and us, into the future.

Science, this issue p. eaax3100

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