Time-resolved observation of spin-charge deconfinement in fermionic Hubbard chains

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Science  10 Jan 2020:
Vol. 367, Issue 6474, pp. 186-189
DOI: 10.1126/science.aay2354

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Spin and charge go their separate ways

Strongly interacting chains of fermions are predicted to exhibit two types of collective excitations: spinons, which carry only spin, and holons, which carry only charge. These excitations move at different velocities. Signatures of this so-called spin-charge separation have been observed in solid-state systems, but obtaining direct dynamical evidence is tricky. With this goal in mind, Vijayan et al. perturbed a chain of ultracold interacting fermions housed in a one-dimensional optical lattice by removing one of the atoms. This gave rise to two independent excitations, which the researchers identified as spinons and holons using a quantum gas microscope.

Science, this issue p. 186

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