In DepthInfectious Diseases

Can China's COVID-19 strategy work elsewhere?

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Science  06 Mar 2020:
Vol. 367, Issue 6482, pp. 1061-1062
DOI: 10.1126/science.367.6482.1061

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  • Alternatives to China's strategies are simple and very efficient
    • Daniel L. Clinciu, Researcher, Assistant Professor, PhD, MSc, China Medical University, National Chin-Yi of Technology, Taichung, Taiwan
    • Other Contributors:
      • Garry Huang, Assistant Professor, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan
      • Jong-Yi, Eric Wang, Professor and Chairperson, Corresponding Author, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan

    Sudip Parikh, AAAS CEO has been sending an important message with each Science Journal volume recently “Ignoring evidence can harm lives during a crisis. That’s why [we] are working harder than ever to ensure we are a sound voice for science.” This is unfortunately very true; during such times relevant evidence is ignored while misinformation is amplified by many sources and powerful people in the scientific community (e.g. Dr. Fauci, Dr. Adhanom, Dr. Aylward) [1-3].
    In their article, Kupferschmidt et al. asked a question that everyone knew its answer. The actual question should be, what country would use inhumane measures especially when much better alternatives work even better? Ironically, better and more humane measures and the places where they were implemented never make the important sections of many scientific journals [4], because many of them must dedicate space for praising China instead of helping people worldwide. How about a reality check? China caused the worst pandemic in the 21st century thus far regardless of its great COVID-19 containment strategy. While Taiwan provided high quality masks for free to countries worldwide affected by COVID-19 [4], China was selling faulty masks and test kits to various countries [5]. Another one of China’s “great” strategies perhaps.
    First and most important strategy is to prevent misinformation in any form, be it from experts or others. Second, focus on what's easier and most feasible. Rather than start...

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    Competing Interests: None declared.
  • Online learning makes school education sustainable during COVID-19 outbreak
    • Baichang Zhong, Professor, PhD, Expert in online education, School of Information Technology in Education, South China Normal University, Guangzhou, China
    • Other Contributors:
      • Zehui Zhan, Professor, PhD, Expert in online education, School of Information Technology in Education, South China Normal University, Guangzhou, China

    As mentioned by Kupferschmidt, et al. (1), that China achieved what many public health experts thought was impossible: containing the spread of a widely circulating respiratory virus. During the current outbreak of COVID-19, we argue that the sustainability education and online education issues should be specifically addressed. The experience of China is valuable for the world since more and more countries are facing similar problems. According to UNESCO monitoring, 85 countries have closed schools nationwide, leading over 776.7 million children and youth away from school (2).

    From one side of the coin, during the outbreak of the deadly coronavirus, sustainability issue is under the limelight of public attention. It is a great moment to spread the sustainability concept and think about the future epidemic. What should we tell our kids about this disaster? The issue in real life is the best textbook. The whole society need to understand the critical principle: Be kind to wild animals and our environment need careful protection on everyone’s action (3). From another side, government policies under the pandemic has shifted the K-12 mainstream education from offline schooling to formal online learning (4). Many schools have ramped up online classes to keep students on schedule. That means, hundreds of millions of adolescents in China (5) are receiving online education as the only approach of formal learning for 4 to 8 hours a day (6).

    To meet the new demand, many...

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    Competing Interests: None declared.
  • Control COVID-19 by Barley-based Functional Food Crops
    • Yawen Zeng, Professor, PhD, Post scientist / Functional Food Crop, China Agriculture Research System/ Biotechnology and Germplasm Resources Institute, Yunnan Academy of Agricultural Sciences
    • Other Contributors:
      • Xiaomeng Yang, Functional Food Crop, Biotechnology and Germplasm Resources Institute, Yunnan Academy of Agricultural Sciences,Kunming 650205, China
      • Xia Li, PhD / Functional Food Crop, Biotechnology and Germplasm Resources Institute, Yunnan Academy of Agricultural Sciences,Kunming 650205, China
      • Xiaoying  Pu, Associate Professor / Functional Food Crop, Biotechnology and Germplasm Resources Institute, Yunnan Academy of Agricultural Sciences,Kunming 650205, China
      • Juan  Du, Professor / Functional Food Crop, Biotechnology and Germplasm Resources Institute, Yunnan Academy of Agricultural Sciences,Kunming 650205, China
      • Jiazhen  Yang, Associate Professor / Functional Food Crop, Biotechnology and Germplasm Resources Institute, Yunnan Academy of Agricultural Sciences,Kunming 650205, China

    The number of COVID-19 reported each day in China is dropping precipitously, its overall fatality rate was 3.8% (1). Globaly COVID-19 from a public health emergency of international concern from WHO (January 30) to global march is unstoppable (2,3), It not only affects the global teaching, tourism, medicine supply,scientific research and exchange (4), but also has enabled research and journal staffers to move faster than during any previous outbreak (5). It show clear differences in fatality rates between Wuhan (4.85%), Hubei (4.49%) and across the other provinces of China (0.88%) as well as the whole world except China (3.02%), which spread to 106 countries/regions on March 11 (20:32), 2020. Rapid decline in COVID-19 cases indicates that the rest of the world should learn from China; China has not only a outstanding political system that can gain public compliance with extreme measures and an extraordinary ability to do labor-intensive and large-scale projects quickly, but also achieved the containing the spread of a widely circulating respiratory virus (1).
    Notably, the most technique to control COVID-19 is the diagnosis and treatment program of novel coronavirus pneumonia (trial 7 edition) by the General Office of the National Health Commission and Office of the State Administration of Chinese Medicine on March 4, 2020, which were used 66 Chinese herbs among the 11 recommended prescriptions and 9 injections Chinese patent medicine for the COVID-19 treatment sc...

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    Competing Interests: None declared.
  • RE: TOWARDS CROSS-REACTION BETWEEN SARS-CoV-2 AND CHILDHOOD VACCINES?
    • Arturo Tozzi, Pediatrician, University of North Texas
    • Other Contributors:
      • Gennaro D'Amato
      • Alfredo Guarino

    During the current COVID-19 outbreak, pediatric population is affected by less severe symptoms and is rarely admitted to hospital care (Huang et al., 2020; Xu et al., 2020), despite infection transmission displays the same rates and features in children and adults (Bi et al., 2020). Many tentative explanations have been provided for this puzzling phenomenon. In particular, Tozzi and D’Amato (2020) suggested the possibility of cross-reaction between SARS-CoV-2 and childhood vaccines. This would mean that, if a correlation does exist, it could be feasible to vaccinate the whole sensitive population. In touch with this claim, during the past epidemic of severe acute respiratory syndrome‐corona virus (SARS‐CoV), it was speculated that such coronavirus was less infective in children because of cross‐protective antibodies that could be elicited in children in response to childhood vaccines. Data were provided by Yu et al. (2007), who evaluated mice that were immunized with various vaccines. They concluded that children’s vaccines do not induce cross reactivity against SARS‐CoV. However, this study was plagued by several bias: for example, despite the sera of patients with SARS exhibited positive reactions to several children's vaccines, the cross‐reactions may not be directly due to reactions with SARS‐CoV antigens, but rather to vaccine antigens, as the patients had been immunised at an earlier age. Further, described responses of mice to live attenuated vaccines m...

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    Competing Interests: None declared.

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