Feature

Aftermath

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Science  24 Jul 2020:
Vol. 369, Issue 6502, pp. 361-365
DOI: 10.1126/science.369.6502.361

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  • Data of the Radiation Effects Research Foundation should be available in public for wholesome and scientific investigations

    Dennis Normile wrote an article entitled “Aftermath” (1). The relationship between deaths and the radiation by the atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, on August 6 and 9 respectively has been investigated. However, the author did not mention the fatal problem in scientific investigations of a large-scale and long-running epidemiological study conducted by the Radiation Effects Research Foundation. Their dataset is not an open data but a closed data. Therefore, many scientists cannot access to the dataset for scientific investigations. We know that diversity plays a key role in the latest scientific investigations and wholesome study. The dataset should be available in public for advancing scientific research and development.

    References:
    1. Dennis Normile, Aftermath, Science, 24 Jul 2020: Vol. 369, Issue 6502, pp. 361-365

    Competing Interests: None declared.
  • RE: United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation

    United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation

    I read the article about the aftermath of the nuclear bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki with grave concern. [see Dennis Normile, Aftermath, Science, 369 (6502), 361-365 (24 July 2020)]. Various types of atomic/nuclear radiations have presented unprecedented challenges both medically and socially.

    In the decade following the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, there had been about one hundred atmospheric nuclear weapons tests raising serious concerns of damage from the resulting radiation. In 1954, India called for an immediate end to all nuclear explosions. India made the first call for a “standstill agreement” on nuclear testing, who saw a testing moratorium as a stepping stone to more comprehensive arms control agreements. This vision turned out be fruitful. In response the USA proposed a resolution asking the United Nations to establish a committee to study the effects of radiation on human health. Subsequently on 3 December 1955 the General Assembly unanimously approved resolution 913(X), which established the United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation (UNSCEAR). The first session was held from 14 to 23 March 1956 in New York. The original Committee was composed of senior scientists from 15 designated UN Member States, namely Argentina, Australia, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Czechoslovakia, Egypt, France, India, Japan, Mexico, Sweden, UK, USA...

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    Competing Interests: None declared.

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