Technical Comments

Response to Comment on “No consistent ENSO response to volcanic forcing over the last millennium”

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Science  11 Sep 2020:
Vol. 369, Issue 6509, eabc1733
DOI: 10.1126/science.abc1733


Robock claims that our analysis fails to acknowledge that pan-tropical surface cooling caused by large volcanic eruptions may mask El Niño warming at our central Pacific site, potentially obscuring a volcano–El Niño connection suggested in previous studies. Although observational support for a dynamical response linking volcanic cooling to El Niño remains ambiguous, Robock raises some important questions about our study that we address here.

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