Research Article

Mammalian lipid droplets are innate immune hubs integrating cell metabolism and host defense

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Science  16 Oct 2020:
Vol. 370, Issue 6514, eaay8085
DOI: 10.1126/science.aay8085

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Cells drop a bomb on pathogens

Lipid droplets (LDs) accumulate in cells to serve as lipid storage organelles. They are also an attractive source of nutrients for many pathogens. Bosch et al. show that various proteins involved in innate immunity form complexes on LDs in response to bacterial lipopolysaccharide (see the Perspective by Green). Upon activation, LDs became physically uncoupled from mitochondria, driving a shift in cells from oxidative phosphorylation to aerobic glycolysis. This work highlights the ability of LDs both to kill pathogens directly and to establish a metabolic environment conducive to host defense. This may inform future antimicrobial strategies in the age of antibiotic resistance.

Science, this issue p. eaay8085; see also p. 294

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