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Preexisting and de novo humoral immunity to SARS-CoV-2 in humans

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Science  11 Dec 2020:
Vol. 370, Issue 6522, pp. 1339-1343
DOI: 10.1126/science.abe1107

Article Information

vol. 370 no. 6522 1339-1343

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History: 
  • Received for publication July 31, 2020
  • Accepted for publication October 29, 2020
  • .

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Author Information

  1. Kevin W. Ng1*,
  2. Nikhil Faulkner1*,
  3. Georgina H. Cornish1*,
  4. Annachiara Rosa2*,
  5. Ruth Harvey3,
  6. Saira Hussain3,
  7. Rachel Ulferts9,
  8. Christopher Earl4,
  9. Antoni G. Wrobel5,
  10. Donald J. Benton5,
  11. Chloe Roustan6,
  12. William Bolland1,
  13. Rachael Thompson1,
  14. Ana Agua-Doce7,
  15. Philip Hobson7,
  16. Judith Heaney13,
  17. Hannah Rickman13,
  18. Stavroula Paraskevopoulou13,
  19. Catherine F. Houlihan13,14,
  20. Kirsty Thomson13,
  21. Emilie Sanchez13,
  22. Gee Yen Shin13,
  23. Moira J. Spyer13,15,
  24. Dhira Joshi8,
  25. Nicola O’Reilly8,
  26. Philip A. Walker6,
  27. Svend Kjaer6,
  28. Andrew Riddell7,
  29. Catherine Moore16,
  30. Bethany R. Jebson17,19,
  31. Meredyth Wilkinson17,19,
  32. Lucy R. Marshall17,19,
  33. Elizabeth C. Rosser17,18,
  34. Anna Radziszewska17,18,
  35. Hannah Peckham17,18,
  36. Coziana Ciurtin17,18,
  37. Lucy R. Wedderburn17,19,
  38. Rupert Beale9,
  39. Charles Swanton10,
  40. Sonia Gandhi11,
  41. Brigitta Stockinger12,
  42. John McCauley3,
  43. Steve J. Gamblin5,
  44. Laura E. McCoy14,,
  45. Peter Cherepanov2,,
  46. Eleni Nastouli13,15,,
  47. George Kassiotis1,20,
  1. 1Retroviral Immunology, The Francis Crick Institute, London NW1 1AT, UK.
  2. 2Chromatin Structure and Mobile DNA Laboratory, The Francis Crick Institute, London NW1 1AT, UK.
  3. 3Worldwide Influenza Centre, The Francis Crick Institute, London NW1 1AT, UK.
  4. 4Signalling and Structural Biology Laboratory, The Francis Crick Institute, London NW1 1AT, UK.
  5. 5Structural Biology of Disease Processes Laboratory, The Francis Crick Institute, London NW1 1AT, UK.
  6. 6Structural Biology STP, The Francis Crick Institute, London NW1 1AT, UK.
  7. 7Flow Cytometry STP, The Francis Crick Institute, London NW1 1AT, UK.
  8. 8Peptide Chemistry, The Francis Crick Institute, London NW1 1AT, UK.
  9. 9Cell Biology of Infection Laboratory, The Francis Crick Institute, London NW1 1AT, UK.
  10. 10Cancer Evolution and Genome Instability Laboratory, The Francis Crick Institute, London NW1 1AT, UK.
  11. 11Neurodegeneration Biology Laboratory, The Francis Crick Institute, London NW1 1AT, UK.
  12. 12AhRimmunity Laboratory, The Francis Crick Institute, London NW1 1AT, UK.
  13. 13University College London Hospitals (UCLH) NHS Trust, London NW1 2BU, UK.
  14. 14Division of Infection and Immunity, University College London (UCL), London WC1E 6BT, UK.
  15. 15Department of Population, Policy and Practice, Great Ormond Street Institute for Child Health (ICH), UCL, London WC1N 1EH, UK.
  16. 16Public Health Wales, University Hospital of Wales, Cardiff CF14 4XW, UK.
  17. 17Centre for Adolescent Rheumatology Versus Arthritis at UCL, UCLH, Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH), London WC1N 3JH, UK.
  18. 18Centre for Rheumatology Research, Division of Medicine, UCL, London, WC1E 6BT, UK.
  19. 19UCL Great Ormond Street Institute for Child Health (ICH), UCL, London WC1N 1EH, UK.
  20. 20Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, London W2 1PG, UK.
  1. Corresponding author. Email: george.kassiotis{at}crick.ac.uk (G.K.); e.nastouli{at}ucl.ac.uk (E.N.); peter.cherepanov{at}crick.ac.uk (P.C.); l.mccoy{at}ucl.ac.uk (L.E.M.)
  1. * These authors contributed equally to this work.

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