Education and Culture

Policy changing culture

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Science  07 May 2021:
Vol. 372, Issue 6542, pp. 585-586
DOI: 10.1126/science.372.6542.585-e

The introduction of pension plans in cultures where adult daughters (matrilocal) or sons (patrilocal) traditionally live with their aging parents led parents, now less dependent upon a child for future support, to invest less in that child's education. Bau shows that a program in Indonesia led to differentially reduced educational investments in females, but not males, from matrilocal ethnic groups and that the women were less likely to practice matrilocality as adults. Similar effects were found for a program in Ghana that led to differential impacts on sons, but not daughters, in patrilocal groups.

Amer. Econ. Rev. www.aeaweb.org/articles?id=10.1257/aer.20190098 (2021).

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