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Intrinsic quantized anomalous Hall effect in a moiré heterostructure

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Science  19 Dec 2019:
eaay5533
DOI: 10.1126/science.aay5533

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Abstract

The quantum anomalous Hall (QAH) effect combines topology and magnetism to produce precisely quantized Hall resistance at zero magnetic field. We report the observation of a QAH effect in twisted bilayer graphene aligned to hexagonal boron nitride. The effect is driven by intrinsic strong interactions, which polarize the electrons into a single spin and valley resolved moiré miniband with Chern number C = 1. In contrast to magnetically doped systems, the measured transport energy gap is larger than the Curie temperature for magnetic ordering, and quantization to within 0.1% of the von Klitzing constant persists to temperatures of several Kelvin at zero magnetic field. Electrical currents as small as 1 nA controllably switch the magnetic order between states of opposite polarization, forming an electrically rewritable magnetic memory.

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