Research Article

Adaptation of SARS-CoV-2 in BALB/c mice for testing vaccine efficacy

See allHide authors and affiliations

Science  30 Jul 2020:
eabc4730
DOI: 10.1126/science.abc4730

You are currently viewing the abstract.

View Full Text

Log in to view the full text

Log in through your institution

Log in through your institution

Abstract

The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic has prioritized the development of small animal models for SARS-CoV-2. Herein, we adapted a clinical isolate of SARS-CoV-2 by serial passaging in the respiratory tract of aged BALB/c mice. The resulting mouse-adapted strain at passage 6 (termed MASCp6) showed increased infectivity in mouse lung, and led to interstitial pneumonia and inflammatory responses in both young and aged mice following intranasal inoculation. Deep sequencing revealed a panel of adaptive mutations potentially associated with the increased virulence. In particular, the N501Y mutation is located at the receptor binding domain (RBD) of the spike protein. The protective efficacy of a recombinant RBD vaccine candidate was validated using this model. Thus, this mouse-adapted strain and associated challenge model should be of value in evaluating vaccines and antivirals against SARS-CoV-2.

https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution license, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

View Full Text

Stay Connected to Science