Supplementary Materials

Generation of solar spicules and subsequent atmospheric heating

Tanmoy Samanta, Hui Tian, Vasyl Yurchyshyn, Hardi Peter, Wenda Cao, Alphonse Sterling, Robertus Erdélyi, Kwangsu Ahn, Song Feng, Dominik Utz, Dipankar Banerjee, Yajie Chen

Materials/Methods, Supplementary Text, Tables, Figures, and/or References

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  • Materials and Methods
  • Supplementary Text
  • Figs. S1 to S10
  • Table S1
  • References
  • Captions for Movies S1 to S9

Images, Video, and Other Media

Movie S1
Animated version of Fig. 1A.
Movie S2
An example of enhanced spicular activity observed during flux emergence. Panels (AC): Hα blue wing images, TiO images and photospheric Dopplergrams. Panels (D-F) show a smaller-FOV (white dotted box shown in the top panels) of the same images. Contour colors and levels are the same as in Fig. 1B. The white arrows indicate the location of flux emergence.
Movie S3
An example of enhanced spicular activity observed during flux cancellation. Panels (AC): Hα blue wing images, TiO images and photospheric Dopplergrams. Panels (D-F) show a smaller-FOV (white dotted box shown in the top panels) of the same images. Contour colors and levels are the same as in Fig. 1B.
Movie S4
Animated version of Fig. 3A. The footpoint regions of some spicules are marked by the black (enhanced spicular activities including the nine examples shown in Fig. 1B-J and thirteen additional examples) and yellow circles (individual spicules including 16 examples shown in Fig. 3B-Q and 12 examples shown in Fig. S7). Compared to Fig. 3A, a slightly smaller FOV (20.6 Mm × 20.6 Mm) is shown here.
Movie S5
Coronal connection of enhanced spicular activities. (A) Hα blue wing images. (B) Hα blue wing images overlain with the simultaneously taken AIA 171 Å images. The rectangular boxes mark 14 examples showing coronal signatures of enhanced spicular activities.
Movie S6
Animated version of Fig. S1B-E.
Movie S7
Animated version of Fig. S9A-D.
Movie S8
Animated version of Fig. S9E-H.
Movie S9
Animated version of Fig. S10.