RT Journal Article
SR Electronic
T1 Sex differences in mathematical ability: fact or artifact?
JF Science
JO Science
FD American Association for the Advancement of Science
SP 1262
OP 1264
DO 10.1126/science.7434028
VO 210
IS 4475
A1 Benbow, CP
A1 Stanley, JC
YR 1980
UL http://science.sciencemag.org/content/210/4475/1262.abstract
AB A substantial sex difference in mathematical reasoning ability (score on the mathematics test of the Scholastic Aptitude Test) in favor of boys was found in a study of 9927 intellectually gifted junior high school students. Our data contradict the hypothesis that differential course-taking accounts for observed sex differences in mathematical ability, but support the hypothesis that these differences are somewhat increased by environmental influences.