PT - JOURNAL ARTICLE
AU - Tenenbaum, Joshua B.
AU - Silva, Vin de
AU - Langford, John C.
TI - A Global Geometric Framework for Nonlinear Dimensionality Reduction
AID - 10.1126/science.290.5500.2319
DP - 2000 Dec 22
TA - Science
PG - 2319--2323
VI - 290
IP - 5500
4099 - http://science.sciencemag.org/content/290/5500/2319.short
4100 - http://science.sciencemag.org/content/290/5500/2319.full
SO - Science2000 Dec 22; 290
AB - Scientists working with large volumes of high-dimensional data, such as global climate patterns, stellar spectra, or human gene distributions, regularly confront the problem of dimensionality reduction: finding meaningful low-dimensional structures hidden in their high-dimensional observations. The human brain confronts the same problem in everyday perception, extracting from its high-dimensional sensory inputs—30,000 auditory nerve fibers or 106 optic nerve fibers—a manageably small number of perceptually relevant features. Here we describe an approach to solving dimensionality reduction problems that uses easily measured local metric information to learn the underlying global geometry of a data set. Unlike classical techniques such as principal component analysis (PCA) and multidimensional scaling (MDS), our approach is capable of discovering the nonlinear degrees of freedom that underlie complex natural observations, such as human handwriting or images of a face under different viewing conditions. In contrast to previous algorithms for nonlinear dimensionality reduction, ours efficiently computes a globally optimal solution, and, for an important class of data manifolds, is guaranteed to converge asymptotically to the true structure.