Table 2

Experimental design for experiments 2 through 4.

Linguistic processesProcesses engaged during the ON condition Processes engaged during the OFF condition
All experiments Expt. 2*Expt. 3 Expt. 4
Lexical mouth movements +
Prelexical mouth movements+ +
None (movement only) + ++
  • * In experiment 2, participants viewed a static lower face during the OFF condition.