Table 2

Ratios of mean annual rates of change (the amount and mean patch size of panda habitats) inside the reserve to those outside the reserve, before and after the reserve was established. A ratio of <1 indicates that the absolute rate of change inside the reserve was lower than the rate outside the reserve; a ratio of >1 indicates that the absolute rate of change was higher. The signs within parentheses represent the directions of change (“+” indicates an increase and “–” indicates a decrease between two time points), inside and outside the reserve, respectively.

Habitat type Amount of habitat Mean patch size
Before establishmentAfter establishmentBefore establishmentAfter establishment
Highly suitable0.29 (−, −)1.15 (−, −)0.05 (−, −)4.38 (−, −)
Suitable0.71 (−, −)0.98 (−, −)4.37 (−, −)4.79 (−, −)
Marginally suitable0.61 (−, −)0.96 (−, +)1.01 (−, −)0.88 (+, +)
Unsuitable0.64 (+, +)1.17 (+, +)1.28 (+, +)1.16 (+, +)