Table 1

Divergence time estimates.

ComparisonNumber of proteinsTotal amino acids*Divergence time estimates (Ma)
MultigeneAverage distanceMean
AllConstantAllConstantAllConstantAllConstant(±SE)
Neocallimasticales (chytrids) vs. other groups521,9764971,497  1,457  1,5131,4591,458 ± 70
Mucorales/Blastocladiales vs. Basidiomycota/Ascomycota27178,8215,4921,215  1,128  1,1841,0851,107 ± 56
Basidiomycota vs. Ascomycota523719,80011,9871,269 1,244 1,2061,1721,208 ± 108
Ustilaginomycetes vs. Hymenomycetes842,9481,301 951 982950950966 ± 86
Archiascomycetes vs. other Ascomycota887037,50027,2611,166 1,139 1,1511,1491,144 ± 77
Hemiascomycetes vs. filamentous Ascomycota684826,92117,4121,058 1,050 1,1121,1201,085 ± 81
Candida albicans vs. Saccharomyces cerevisiae352615,25810,763 815 837823844841 ± 62
Plectomycetes vs. Pyrenomycetes402818,17412,221 667 642654698670 ± 71
Chlorophytan green algae vs. higher plants484113,99611,5411,099 1,111 1,0101,0101,061 ± 109
Mosses vs. vascular plants54505,5265,131 708   715 680690703 ± 45
  • * Aligned, with gaps, missing data, and ambiguities removed.

  • Mean (multigene, constant rate; average distance, constant rate) ± SE (multigene, constant rate).

  • Mode used here.