Table 2

Examples of the costs of human-induced evolution in insect pests and several disease organisms in the United States. COSTS OF HUMAN-INDUCED EVOLUTION IN SOME INSECT PESTS AND DISEASES

Factor $U.S. billions per year
Additional pesticides 1.2
Loss of crops 2 to 7
S. aureus
Penicillin-resistant 2 to 7
Methicillin-resistant 8
Community-acquired resistant 14 to 21
HIV drug resistance 6.3
Total for these factors 33 to 50