Table 1 Waste estimates for 2010 for the top 20 countries ranked by mass of mismanaged plastic waste (in units of millions of metric tons per year).

Econ classif., economic classification; HIC, high income; UMI, upper middle income; LMI, lower middle income; LI, low income (World Bank definitions based on 2010 Gross National Income). Mismanaged waste is the sum of inadequately managed waste plus 2% littering. Total mismanaged plastic waste is calculated for populations within 50 km of the coast in the 192 countries considered. pop., population; gen., generation; ppd, person per day; MMT, million metric tons.

RankCountryEcon.
classif.
Coastal pop.
[millions]
Waste gen.
rate
[kg/ppd]
% plastic
waste
% mismanaged
waste
Mismanaged
plastic
waste
[MMT/year]
% of total
mismanaged
plastic
waste
Plastic
marine
debris
[MMT/year]
1ChinaUMI262.91.1011768.8227.71.32–3.53
2IndonesiaLMI187.20.5211833.2210.10.48–1.29
3PhilippinesLMI83.40.515831.885.90.28–0.75
4VietnamLMI55.90.7913881.835.80.28–0.73
5Sri LankaLMI14.65.17841.595.00.24–0.64
6ThailandUMI26.01.212751.033.20.15–0.41
7EgyptLMI21.81.3713690.973.00.15–0.39
8MalaysiaUMI22.91.5213570.942.90.14–0.37
9NigeriaLMI27.50.7913830.852.70.13–0.34
10BangladeshLI70.90.438890.792.50.12–0.31
11South AfricaUMI12.92.012560.632.00.09–0.25
12IndiaLMI187.50.343870.601.90.09–0.24
13AlgeriaUMI16.61.212600.521.60.08–0.21
14TurkeyUMI34.01.7712180.491.50.07–0.19
15PakistanLMI14.60.7913880.481.50.07–0.19
16BrazilUMI74.71.0316110.471.50.07–0.19
17BurmaLI19.00.4417890.461.40.07–0.18
18*MoroccoLMI17.31.465680.311.00.05–0.12
19North KoreaLI17.30.69900.301.00.05–0.12
20United StatesHIC112.92.581320.280.90.04–0.11

*If considered collectively, coastal European Union countries (23 total) would rank eighteenth on the list