Table 1 Genes with sex-biased and ethnicity-biased expression in GTEx tissues.

Differentially expressed genes between males (M) and females (F) and between African American (AA) and European American (EA) in those tissues with at least 10 samples per group. Median fold change (on autosomal genes) was calculated for tissues with more than two significant genes.

SexEthnicity
No. of samplesNo. of genesMed. fold changeNo. of samplesNo. of genesMed. fold change
MFAll genesPCGslncRNAY chrom.X chrom.Pseudoautosomal regionAutosomalAAEAAll genesPCGslncRNA
Adipose76374529162841122.81795000
Artery8857402119292092.3211213002.9
Blood9957201281810124129000
Breast1413762567195262107154.2522
Esophagus27112314922100533
Heart74342715122310331195211
LCL261323111221110930
Lung764334171731102141044313
Muscle87514227152460122.718117220
Nerve5434382414255172.31373211
Skin76434732153150112.314103141312.9
Thyroid6540422517275191.9139013763.5
No. of samples942566172130735278
No. of individuals111648476282194134177124148