Table 2

Cover of different grass parts (means ± SEM, n = 3 experimental blocks) in plots cattle accessed exclusively (C) or shared with wild herbivores excluding (WC) or including (MWC) megaherbivores. Column means listed in bold fonts and bearing different superscripts are statistically different (P < 0.05, Tukey’s post hoc test).

Live leaves
(hits/100 pins)
Dead leaves
(hits/100 pins)
Live stems
(hits/100 pins)
Dead leaves
(hits/100 pins)
Dry season
C88.7 ± 9.1147.6 ± 7.015.4 ± 2.976.6 ± 8.7
WC75.9 ± 3.3131.5 ± 6.118.2 ± 2.276.1 ± 5.6
MWC80.7 ± 16.1139.4 ± 31.810.9 ± 1.862.4 ± 12.2
F0.50.21.81.4
P0.70.80.30.3
Wet season
C181.1 ± 12.364.8 ± 6.133 ± 5.542.1a ± 2.8
WC175.6 ± 4.658.2 ± 1.327.9 ± 4.633.7b ± 2.7
MWC160.8 ± 6.661.8 ± 8.921.5 ± 4.231.6b± 2.2
F1.40.31.218.1
P0.30.80.40.01