Table 1

Two ways of measuring the quality of life in America. The BRFSS life-satisfaction equation uses coefficient dummy-variable values for each state. The compensating-differentials methodology of objective quality-of-life rank, by state, is from Gabriel et al. (23). Alabama is included in the data (and in Fig. 1). It is the base category, against which the other states’ coefficients are normalized. In effect, Alabama has a life-satisfaction coefficient of zero [and a ranking of 26 in (23)]. Number of observations, 1,213,992. The standard errors were adjusted for clustering at the state level. CI, confidence interval; N.A., not applicable.

StateBRFSS life-satisfaction methodComp
diff.
methods
StateBRFSS life-satisfaction methodComp
diff.
methods
Coefficient[95% CI]Coefficient[95% CI]
Alaska–0.013[–0.018, –0.008]23Montana0.001[–0.002, 0.004]4
Arizona0.001[–0.002, 0.005]20Nebraska–0.044[–0.047, –0.041]16
Arkansas–0.017[–0.019, –0.015]3Nevada–0.065[–0.068, –0.062]29
California–0.076[–0.080, –0.072]42New Hampshire–0.033[–0.036, –0.030]43
Colorado–0.027[–0.030, –0.024]34New Jersey–0.078[–0.081, –0.075]47
Connecticut–0.081[–0.084, –0.078]32New Mexico–0.029[–0.034, –0.024]14
Delaware–0.027[–0.029, –0.025]30New York–0.088[–0.090, –0.085]50
District of Columbia–0.048[–0.051, –0.045]N.A.North Carolina–0.013[–0.015, –0.012]17
Florida0.004[0.002, 0.006]10North Dakota–0.030[–0.032, –0.027]6
Georgia–0.021[–0.023, –0.020]36Ohio–0.070[–0.071, –0.068]33
Hawaii0.011[0.004, 0.018]38Oklahoma–0.026[–0.029, –0.024]21
Idaho–0.014[–0.017, –0.011]5Oregon–0.040[–0.044, –0.037]22
Illinois–0.072[–0.074, –0.069]48Pennsylvania–0.067[–0.069, –0.065]35
Indiana–0.078[–0.080, –0.077]44Rhode Island–0.068[–0.071, –0.066]12
Iowa–0.041[–0.044, –0.038]15South Carolina0.001[0.000, 0.002]18
Kansas–0.044[–0.046, –0.041]19South Dakota–0.014[–0.017, –0.010]2
Kentucky–0.045[–0.047, –0.043]24Tennessee0.003[0.001, 0.004]28
Louisiana0.033[0.032, 0.034]8Texas–0.014[–0.018, –0.010]25
Maine–0.006[–0.009, –0.003]9Utah–0.026[–0.030, –0.023]39
Maryland–0.066[–0.069, –0.064]45Vermont–0.017[–0.020, –0.014]13
Massachusetts–0.070[–0.073, –0.068]27Virginia–0.033[–0.035, –0.031]31
Michigan–0.079[–0.081, –0.077]49Washington–0.046[–0.049, –0.042]41
Minnesota–0.031[–0.034, –0.027]46West Virginia–0.044[–0.046, –0.042]11
Mississippi0.001[0.000, 0.001]7Wisconsin–0.038[–0.040, –0.035]37
Missouri–0.064[–0.066, –0.062]40Wyoming–0.013[–0.016, –0.010]1