Table 1 Disaggregation of global and regional tree cover loss by driver for the period 2001 to 2015.

Map-based estimates are based on Global Forest Watch data (3) and a driver of tree cover loss from the current study. Sample-based estimates are based on the validation sample of 1565 randomly selected 10 × 10 grid cells from the current study. Uncertainty of sample-based estimates represents a 95% confidence interval.

Map-based estimatesSample-based estimates
Hansen et al. (3)Current study: Driver of tree cover lossCurrent study: Driver of tree cover loss
RegionTree cover
loss (Mha,
2001–2015)
Tree cover loss
(% of global total,
2001–2015)
DeforestationShifting
agriculture
ForestryWildfireUrbanizationDeforestationShifting
agriculture
ForestryWildfireUrbanization
North America7021%1%<1%56%40%2%2 ± 1%1 ± 1%48 ± 11%48 ± 11%1 ± 1%
Latin America7825%56%31%13%1%<1%64 ± 8%24 ± 7%9 ± 3%<1 ± <1%<1 ± <1%
Europe155%None<1%99%1%NoneNone<1 ± <1%95 ± 5%5 ± 5%None
Africa3913%4%92%4%<1%<1%2 ± 1%93 ± 3%4 ± 2%<1 ± <1%1 ± 2%
Russia/China/
South Asia
6420%<1%<1%41%58%<1%2 ± 2%1 ± 1%38 ± 12%59 ± 12%<1 ± <1%
Southeast Asia3913%78%9%13%<1%<1%61 ± 13%20 ± 10%14 ± 6%2 ± 6%<1 ± <1%
Australia/
Oceania
103%7%10%29%53%1%8 ± 6%10 ± 4%19 ± 9%62 ± 14%1 ± <1%
Global314100%25%21%31%22%<1%27 ± 5%24 ± 3%26 ± 4%23 ± 4%1 ± <1%